Lesson11 : [比較表現色々・・ A,B,C,D,E]

Lesson11 : [比較表現色々・・ A,B,C,D,E]

Lesson11の学習ポイント
比較表現色々・・   A,B,C,D,E,

A.  as + 原型 + as  possible = as + 原型 + as + 主語+ can( could)     「  できるだけ~~ 」
He swam as fast as possible. = He swam as fast as he could.     彼は出来るだけ早く泳いだ。
B.   twice ( 倍数 ) + as + (形容詞+名詞) + as~~   「 〇倍の大きさ  」
This bird is half as large as that one.   この鳥はあの鳥の半分です

I have three times as many books as my sister (does).     私は妹より3倍多く本を持っている。

C. 

比較級 + 比較級               「 だんだん、ますます 」
We became more and more excited.     私達はますます興奮していった。

D.
 

The + 比較級、the + 比較級~     「 ~すればするほど、ますます~なる 」
The higher you climb, the thinner the air gets.    登れば登るほど空気はますます薄くなる。

E.
 

the + 序数 + 最上級~       「 〇番目に~ 」
Maui is the second biggest island in Hawaii.    マウイ島はハワイで2番目に大きな島です。

理解度確認問題

比較構文を使って以下の日本文を英作しましょう。

1.Kenはいい成績を取るために出来るだけ一生懸命勉強した。
2.夜TOMは出来る限り注意深く運転する。
3.この橋はあの橋の4倍の高さです。
4.私はお相撲さんの三分の一の重さです。
5.状況はますます速く変化しています。
6.経済はどんどん悪くなっています。
7.稼げば稼ぐほど、ますます税金を払わなければならない。
8.その記事を注意深く読めば読むほど、ますますあなたはそれを理解するでしょう。
9.これは世界で3番目に高い車です。
10. この会社は世界で4番目に大きな会社になった。

正解と解説 :
1.Ken studied as hard as he could ( possible ) to get good grades.
2.At night Tom drives as carefully as he can ( possible ).
3.This bridge is four times as high as that one.
4.I am a ( one ) third as heavy as the sumo wrestler.
5.The situation is changing more and more quickly.
6.The economy is getting worse and worse.
7.The more money you earn, the more tax you have to pay.
8.The more carefully you read the article, the better you will understand it.
9.This is the third most expensive car in the world.
10. This company has become the fourth largest in the world.

テストに出るかも?  復習問題

以下の会話文、長文を読んで指示に従いましょう。


Guide : Welcome to the White House.  ①The white house is one of the most famous building in the US.
        ( ② visitors, more, every year, and, come here, more  )It has 132 rooms.
John  : ( ③ the palace of Westminster は、英国で最も人気のある観光地の一つです。)
        ( ④ そこにはthe White House の約8倍の部屋があります。)
Mary : Be quiet! I`m listening (⑤ ) the guide. Let`s enjoy our trip.
        (⑥ ここに長く滞在すればするほど、ますます好きになるわ。)

① 間違いがあります。訂正しましょう。
② 並び替えて意味の通る文章にしましょう。
③ 英作しましょう。
④ 英作しましょう。
⑤ 前置詞をいれましょう。
⑥ 英作しましょう。
⑦ Answer the following questions in English.
    a.  How many rooms are there in the White House?
    b.  How many rooms are there in the Palace of Westminster?
    c.  Why did Mary say “ Be quiet!” to John?

正解と解説 :
① building→buildings が正解
② More and more visitors come here every year.
③ In England, the Palace of Westminster is one of the most popular tourist sites.
④ It has about eight times as many rooms as the White House!
⑤ to
⑥ The longer I stay here, the more I like it.
⑦ a.  There are 132 rooms.
    b.  There are ( about )1056 rooms.
    c.  Because she was listening to the guide.


          In 1920, after recovering ( ① )her illness, Amelia had an experience ②that changed her life. A famous pilot gave her a ride in his plane. When she was about 300 feet( 90 meters ) above the ground, she thought ③that she wanted to be a pilot. At that time, (④ learn ) to fly a plane was expensive. Therefore she worked at many jobs, such as a truck driver and a photographer to get ( ⑤  ) for flying lessons. The training was hard, but she did not (⑥あきらめる). Eventually, she flew ( ⑦ ) ( ⑦ ) ( ⑦ ) 14,000 feet ( 4,300 meters ) and set a world record for women pilots.
          The farther and faster she flew, the (  ⑧  ) famous she became. In 1932, she became the first woman ⑨to fly across the ( ⑩大西洋 ) alone. She flew across the ( 大西洋 ) again in the same year, and became the first person ⑪to fly alone across the (大西洋) twice. She received a medal for this ( ⑫achieve ) The next thing she wanted ⑬to do was ⑭to fly around the (⑮ 赤道 ).
           On July 2, 1937, she headed south toward the ( 赤道 ) with one crew member. While she was flying near the Solomon Islands, (⑯ was, radio contact, lost, her, with ), and she and her plane were never seen again.
           In life, she said, “⑰ Never do things others can do and will do, if there are things others cannot do or will not do.” She was truly a woman ( ⑱  ) changed people`s minds. A lot of women were encouraged by her and began to do jobs in various fields and to have greater freedom. Her courage and her free spirit are still remembered by many people throughout the world.

① 前置詞を入れましょう。
②③ それぞれ「that 」の使い方を説明しましょう。
④ 適切な形に変えましょう。
⑤ 適語を選びましょう。
    a.  money       b.  license     c.  pictures
⑥ 適語を入れましょう。
⑦ 14,000feetの高さまで、という意味になるよう適語を入れましょう。
⑧ 適語を入れましょう。
⑨⑪⑬⑭ 同じ使い方の不定詞はどれとどれ?
⑩ 英語にしましょう。
⑫ 適切な形に変えましょう。
⑮ 英語にしましょう。
⑯ 意味の通る文章になるよう並び替えましょう。
⑰ 関係代名詞が省略されています。関係代名詞の前の単語を書きましょう。
⑱ 空所に入る適切な関係代名詞を選びましょう。
    a.  which          b.  whom        c.  who
⑲ Answer the question in English.
    a.  When did Amelia fly her second flight?
    b.  Why did she get the medal?
    c.  What is remembered about Amelia by many people throughout the world?

正解と解説 :
① from
② 関係代名詞
③ 接続詞
④ learning
⑤ a
⑥ give up
⑦ as high as
⑧ more
⑨⑪ 形容詞的用法 で同じ使い方です。
⑬⑭ 名詞的用法  で同じ使い方です。
⑩ Atlantic
⑫ achievement
⑮ equator
⑯ radio contact with her was lot
⑰ things
⑱ c
⑲ a.  In 1932.
    b.  Because she was the first person to fly alone across the Atlantic twice.
    c.  Her courage and her free spirit are.

重要単語、熟語のまとめ

put A into B, put down, put away, grandpa, possible, flight, as~~as possible, recover, operation, count, baggage, Saturn, Jupiter, as~~as one can, above, desert, economy, crowd, situation, selfish, article, earn, airline, rat, actively, retire, following, death, unhappy, law, machinery, design, society, control, together with, in those days, day and night, illness, therefore, truck, photographer, training, far—farther, the Atlantic, achievement, equator, crew, contact, encourage, courage, throughout, in life, barber, television, carpet, ear, sense, amount, cash, bill, accept, traveler`s check, come to~,

文法ポイントのまとめ

★ 比較表現色々。
★ 両替をする時の表現。

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