Lesson4 : [相関接続詞 従位接続詞をマスターしよう!]

Lesson4 : [相関接続詞 従位接続詞をマスターしよう!]

Lesson4の学習ポイント ①相関接続詞     ②従位接続詞(副詞節を導く接続詞)

① 相関接続詞 ・・・both A and B,   not only but also B,  either A and B ,  neither A nor B
② 従位接続詞・・・時、原因、理由、譲歩、目的、結果、程度を表す副詞節を導くもの

 ① 相関接続詞

<AもBも~~です> not only A but also B , both A and B ,  B as well as A
<AかBかどちらか~~です> either A or B
<AもBも~~でないです。> neither A nor B
<~~です。~~もです。> I am fine. So am I.     I like cats.   So do I.
<~~ではないです。 ~~も~~ではないです。> I don`t go.  Neither do I.

② 従位接続詞 (副詞節を導くもの)

<  時  > when, while, after, before, since, until, by the time, as soon as,
< 原因、理由 > because, since, as
< 譲歩  > even though, even if, whether ~or,
<  目的  > so that+ S+can( will, may )+ V,     in order that
< 結果、程度 > so+adj.+that~~,  such+ a (an )+adj+noun+that~~,   S+V~, so that


私は彼の試験結果が心配です。 私もです

正解と解説 :

She is interested in both economics and mathematics.
English skills will help you not only in school but also in your future.
You can either eat here or take out for the same price.
I want neither fame nor money.
I`m anxious about the result of her exam.   So am I.
I`m not sure about her present situation.   Neither am I.
He made an effort to learn English, and so did his brother.
I can`t accept his decision.  Neither can I.
He has been reading the book since she came here.
I`ll have to wait until my baby falls asleep.
He was over 170 centimeters tall by the time he reached the sixth grade.
Some students rushed into the hall as soon as the lunch bell rang.
He missed the interview because the train arrived late.
Since Emi is an architect, she knows all about the buildings in this city.
 As I`ve seen this movie before, I don`t want to watch it again.
 Even though his wards are simple and plain, they move people very much.
I want to finish this book even if it takes me all night.
The children in this house have to follow tradition whether they like it or not.
It is important to play fair whether you win or lose.
I`ll give you my phone number so that you can contact me anytime.
Leave the light on so that the children won`t be afraid.
He kept the guest room warm so that the guests would feel comfortable.
The traffic is so loud that I can barely hear him.
He was such a clever boy that he learned the long poem by heart.
My father put on a lot of weight , so that his clothes were all too tight.



Yuko   : Candy! ①( 4時よ! 私、3時半から待ってたのよ。)
Candy : The train was late. But ②( あなたは携帯を持ってないから),I couldn`t call you! I`m sorry.
Yuko   : ③( あなたが謝ろうが謝らないが), I`m still very angry.
Candy : Sorry, sorry, sorry,……I`ll say sorry ④(  until, anymore, you`re,  angry, not , ).
Yuko   : OK,OK!  ⑤(  it, you,  As , as, stop, soon ,) , I`ll (  ⑥    ) you.

Alice  : You can have ⑦(ケーキかアイスかどちらか).  Which would you (   ⑧   )?
May   : Hm, well, I don`t know….
Alice  : ⑨( もしもどちらも気に入らないのだったら), how about fruit ⑩( かわりに )?
May   : Oh,….I think ⑪I`d like cake as well as ice cream. And not only that, but also fruit!
Alice  : Wow, May!  You have a good (  ⑫      ). Actually⑬ ( 私はケーキもアイスも好きじゃないの).
           You can have ⑭( 私の物). I`ll eat the fruit!

①~③ 英作しましょう。また以下の質問に英語で答えましょう。
    How long has Yuko been waiting for Candy?
④~⑤ 並び替えて意味の通る文章にしましょう。
⑥ (   )に入る適語はどれでしょう?
    a. recognize     b, forgive     c. hit        d. improve
⑦ 英作しましょう。
⑧ (   )に適さない単語はどれでしょう?
    a. like          b. drink      c. prefer      d. have
⑨ 英作しましょう。
⑩ (   )に入る適語はどれでしょう?
    a. either        b. neither     c. both       d. instead
⑪ not only~~を使って書き換えて、訳しましょう。
⑫ (   )に入る適語はどれでしょう?
    a. appetite      b. love        c. sense      d. smell
⑬~⑭ 英作しましょう。

正解と解説 :
① It`s four o`clock. I`ve been waiting since half past three.
② since you don`t have a phone,  since は会話の相手が知っている内容を述べる時に使う。
③ Whether you are sorry or not
    She has been waiting for Candy for thirty minutes.
④ until you`re not angry anymore
⑤ As soon as you stop it
⑥ b  許す
⑦ either cake or ice cream
⑧ b ケーキやアイスクリームは飲めませんね。
⑨ If you want neither cake or icecream
⑩ d
⑪ I`d like not only ice cream but also cake. 私はアイスもケーキも好きです。
⑫ a
⑬ I like neither cake nor ice cream (  I don`t like either cake or ice cream. )でもOKです。
⑭ mine


 Dear  Yuko

(  ①   )? I`m sorry this e-mail is late. (  ②  ). On the weekend, I wanted to see a movie, but(   ③   ). I have to study (   ④    ). Do students study so hard in America?


A hard so that I can go to a good university
B How are you
C This week I`ve been so busy that I haven`t had any free time.
D I had such a lot of homework that I couldn`t go.

正解と解説 :
①~④ B C D A 
so~~that ,  so that~~の違い、理解できましたでしょうか?よく復習しましょう。


Noh ( ①    ) popular ②(  江戸時代の終わりまで ). (③ )the Meiji Period, it began to die out
(   ④   ) the government stopped ⑤( support ) it. It became (  ⑥     )again (  ⑦   ) the Taisho Period.
However, in modern times it has to (  ⑧     ) with movies and television. Some people worried ( ⑨    )
Noh would not (    ⑩   ). (  ⑪     ) UNESCO selected Noh as a cultural treasure to be protected, movements began to (   ⑫    ) it. Today⑬ the number of actors are getting bigger, and Noh is perform by over 1,500 actor in Japan. Performances are ⑭hold all over Japan.
The story of a Noh play is usually very serious and sad. The story is simple, but its meaning is very deep. The National Theater of Japan ⑮has explanations of the plays in so simple Japanese, English and other languages that people can understand them better. ⑯This helped me a lot. I hope ⑰more people become interesting in Noh. ( ⑱  ) people don`t learn about it and go to see it, ⑲this 1300-years-old art form may (  ⑳   ).

① ⑧⑩⑫⑳には動詞が入ります。以下の中から( )に入る適語を選びましょう。
    a. disappear    b. preserve    c. remain    d. compete    e. continue
② 英作しましょう
③⑦ 同じ単語が入ります。何でしょうか。
④ 適当な接続詞を入れましょう。
⑤ 正しい形に変えましょう。
⑥ 訳しましょう。
⑨ ⑪適当な接続詞をそれぞれ入れましょう。
⑩「カバンが見つからない。」という意味になるように( )に助動詞を入れましょう。
⑬ 文中には三か所間違いがあります。どれでしょうか。
⑭ 正しい形に変えましょう。
⑮ 間違い個所が一か所あります。どれでしょうか。
⑯ thisの意味するものを具体的に日本語で説明しましょう。
⑰ 間違いが一か所あります。どれでしょうか。
⑱ 接続詞を入れましょう。
⑲ 間違いが一か所あります。どれでしょうか。

正解と解説 :
① ~c  ⑧~d  ⑩~e  ⑫~b  ⑳~a
② until the end of the Edo Period
③⑦   during
④ because
⑤ supporting      「~するのをやめる」は、stop+ing
⑥ popular
⑨ that      名詞節を導く接続詞that
⑪ After
⑬ 主語はthe number of actors(俳優の数)、単数です。are ではなく is  です。
    数が大きい場合は、big ではなく、 large. 故に larger が正解。
    「能は演じられる 」という意味ですから、 is perform ではなく is performed,受動態で表す。
⑭「演じられる」という内容ですから、are held、受動態で表す。
⑮「人々がよりよく理解できる様に」という内容故、so that~~構文にします。
    in so simple Japanese の so は間違いです。other languages so that people~~.が正しい使い方です。
⑯ 国立劇場が能の上演について、簡単な日本語、英語、他の言語で説明をする事。
⑰ interestingではなく、interested
⑱ If
⑲ 1300-years-old ではなく、1300-year-old が正解です


circle, rectangle, triangle, diamond, oval, ellipse, neither A nor B, appetite, either A or B, economics, mathematics, skills, fame, anxious, effort, decision, whether~(or not), forgive, as soon as, aloud, hallway, bell, interview, architect, tradition, fair, even though, even if, so~~that,  such~~that, so that~~, anytime, guest, comfortable, barely, clever, tight, by heart, cultural, heritage, humankind, UNESCO, preserve, physical, monument, technique, custom, non-physical, performance, completely, pass down, forget-forgot-forgotten, select, choose-chose-chosen, familiar, form, richly, decorate, mask, material, dialogue, chant, explanation, drum, originally, combination, oral, greatly, complex, rhythm, philosophy, compete, thanks to~. die out, theater, strange-shaped, swan, stain, upper, Just a minute.


★ 相関接続詞、等位接続詞 の使い方マスター。
★ 形を表す表現と位置関係を表す表現を理解しよう。

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